Questionnaire Survey Results on Chewing of 90 People Who Participated in the Health Class

Table of contents

1. Introduction

n Japan, the 8020 campaign has been widely publicized by peoples. This campaign is that you should have 20 teeth and chew your teeth to eat enough to maintain your nutrition and health. If we finish eating in a shorter time than the signal reaches the satiety center, you may overeat. And our blood sugar level will rise sharply, and excess sugar will accumulate in our body as fat, resulting in obesity.

2. II.

3. Materials and Methods

4. a) Participants

Participants were informed about the study, signed a consent form, and voluntarily participated in this study. A chewing questionnaire Survey was conducted on 90 people who participated in the health class. Participants voluntarily participated in the chewing questionnaire.

Author: Nagoya Women's University, Nagoya, Japan. e-mail: [email protected] b) Chewing questionnaire survey Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire about twenty items related to chewing. Table 1 shows the contents of each item.

5. c) Questionnaire survey results regarding time spent on meals

Participants filled in a self-administered questionnaire for the time spent on the three meals.

6. d) Ethical review board

This study was conducted with the approval of the Ethical Review Board (Nagoya women's university 'hito wo mochii ta kennkyuu nikansuru iinnkai'). The approval number is 2020-26.

7. III.

8. Results a) Participant results

There were 90 participants, fourmales and 86 females. The age distribution is shown in Table 2. 4 shows the results of a questionnaire survey on mastication for 90 participants. Of the participants, 4.4% had partial dentures, and none had complete dentures. 36.7% of the participants went to the dentist regularly. Of the participants, 97.8% knew the name of Xylitol, and 46.7% knew the 8020 campaign (keeping 20 teeth at age 80). Among the participants, 47.8% felt they could chew food well, and 41.1% felt that their teeth were strong. Among the participants, 67.8% had their teeth treated with fluoride in elementary school, and 22.2% had the habit of chewing gum.

9. Show the basic information of the participants in

10. c) Questionnaire survey results regarding time spent on meals results

Most the participants spent 10 minutes on breakfast, 15 minutes on lunch, and 20 or 30 minutes on dinner.

The average time of participants was 12.8 minutes for breakfast, 18.6 minutes for lunch, and 24.8 minutes for dinner.

11. IV.

12. Discussion

Most participants who attended the health class this time did not have a habit of chewing gum. However, almost everyone knew the word xylitol. But about half of the participants knew the talk of the 8020 campaign. Participants could bite the apple with the skin, but were less confident in the teeth. Participants replied that they chew food, but did not chew 30 times. If participants can prevented by eating the food bite little over time, the blood glucose level after a meal can moderate. Many researchers have reported the relationship between rumination and cognition/dementia risk 1) , and other effects on brain functions 2) . Masticatory force is measured by device development and computational model 3,4) , and research to clarify occlusal ofrce 3,4,5,6) reports. Studies have also reported that chewing gum increases bite force 7) . The authors reported that high school students, university students, and middle-aged adults ate a meal less than 30 minutes per meal 8) . In addition, the authors reported the results of training chewing power by chewing gum every day before meals for 30 days 9) . Furthermore, the authors reported whether or not chewing gum improves masticatory strength 10) . We want to convey the importance of chewing through these educational activities.


13. Conclusions

We reported the results of a self-administered questionnaire survey on mastication performed on 90 participants who voluntarily consented to the study. As a result, less than half of the participants answered that they consciously had solid teeth and could chew food well. The average time taken by the participants to eat every three meal was less than 30 minutes. Many of the participants had no habit of chewing gum.

14. Age

Figure 1. Table 3 .
Table 1. Chewing questionnaire
Using removable partial dentures
Using full dentures
Currently attending a dentist
Have regular dental examinations
Have a tooth that is currently being treated
Have swollen gums
Blood comes out of the gums
Always interested in teeth
Heard the name of xylitol, which usually chews gum
Heard the name of Mutans bacteria, which usually chews gum
Can bite an apple with its skin
Have confidence in teeth
Think teeth are strong
Know the 8020 movement
There is a tooth that is an imsert tooth
Think I am chewing on food
Chew a bite of food more than 30 times
Do you brush your teeth after a snack?
Did you do fluoridation of your teeth when you were in elementary school?
habit of chewing gum
10s 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s
Maie 0 2 0 1 1 0
Female 25 42 4 7 6 2
Figure 2. Table 2 .
Year 2022
Figure 3. Table 3 .
Female ( n=86 ) Male ( n=4 )
Height Weight Age Height Weight
Average 26.8 157.0 50.7 35.8 172.0 66.3
Atandard diviation 12.3 5.4 6.8 18.3 5.7 5.3
Median 20 157.75 50 34.5 173.5 66.5
Maximum 69 169.6 80 54 177 72
Minimum 12 147 39 20 164 60
D D D D ) L

Appendix A

Appendix A.1 Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Japanese Society of Taste Technology, 2019.

Appendix B

  1. Occlusal load modeling significantly impacts the predicted tooth stress response during biting: a simulation study. Ackland Saini Harnoor , C David , Gong Lulu , Cheng Leo , K , Rohrle Oliver . 10.1080/10255842.2020.1711886. Computer method in biomechanics and biomedical engineering, 2020.
  2. Reliability and comparability of methods for assessing oral function: chewing, tongue pressure, and lip force. Arakawa Itsuka , Abou-Ayash , Genton Samir , Tagua Laurence , Leles Kazuhiro , Claudio , Schimmel Rodrigues , Martin . 32275327. DOI: 10.111/joor.12976. Journal of oral rehabilitation 2020.
  3. Masticatory Adaptation to Occlusal Changes. Bourdiol Pierre , Hennequin Martine , Peyron Marie-Agnes , Woda Alain . 10.3389/fphys.2020.00263. 32317982. Frontiers in physiology 2020.
  4. Pedersen Nancy L. The relation fo poor mastication with cognition and dementia risk: a population-based longitudinal study. Dintica Christina , S , Marseglia Anna , Stjernfeldt Elgestad Wardhinger , Rizzuto Per , Shang Devbora , Xu Ying , Weili . 10.18632/aging.103156. 32353829. Aging 2020.
  5. Mastication and oral sensory function in frail edentulous elderly: a case-control study. Figueredo Olivia , Maria Costa , Camara-Souza Mariana Barbosa , Carletti Talita Malini , De Sousa Maria , Luz De , Rodrigues Rosario , Garcia Renata Cunha Matheus . 31916591. DOI: 10.111/idj.12529. International dental journal 2020.
  6. Simple oral exercise with chewing gum for improving oral function in older adults. Kim Hyo-Jung , Lee Joo-Young , Lee Eun-Song , Jung Hyo-Jung , Ahnhyung-Joon , Jung Hoi . 10.1007/s40520-020-01606-z. 32476089. Aging clinical and experimental research 2020. (Kim Baek-ll)
  7. Association between tooth loss and gray matter volume in cognitive impairment. Lun Chia , - Shu , Lin Hsiao-Han , Fann Shin-Woei , Lee Wei-Ju , Hsu Ming-Lun , Wang Shuu-Jiun , Fuh Jong-Ling . 10.1007/s11682-020-00267-w. 32170642. Brain imaging and behavior 2020.
  8. Result of Questionnaire on Teeth for 118 people Who participated in the University Festival. Naomi Katayama , Shyoko Kondo . Global Journal of Medical Research 2020. 20 p. .
  9. Results of Questionnaire Survey on Gum Chews of Thirty Days for University Female Students. Naomi Katayama , Shoko Kondo . Global Journal of Medical Research 2020. 20 p. .
  10. Chewing questionnaire Survey Results and Chewing Ability Test Results of 118 people Who Participated in the University Festival. Naomi Katayama , Shyoko Kondo . Global Journal of Medical Research 2020. 20 p. .
© 2022 Global Journals Questionnaire Survey Results on Chewing of 90 People Who Participated in the Health Class
Date: 2022 1970-01-01