Craniofacial Features of Cleidocranial Dysplasia(CCD) – A Case Report
cleido cranial dysplasia, autosomal, runx 2 gene, mutations
Cleidocranial dysplasia CCD is an autosomal-dominant malformation syndrome affecting bones and teeth The most common skeletal and dental abnormalities in affected individuals are hypoplastic aplastic clavicles open fontanelles short stature retention of primary teeth delayed eruption of permanent teeth supernumerary teeth and multiple impacted teeth Treatment of CCD requires a multidisciplinary approach that may include dental corrections orthognathic surgery and cranioplasty along with management of any complications of CCD Early diagnosis of this condition enables application of the treatment strategy that provides the best quality of life to such patients Notably Runx2 gene mutations have been identified in CCD patients Therefore further elucidation of the molecular mechanism of supernumerary teeth formation related to Runx2 mutations may improve understanding of dental development in CCD The insights into CCD pathogenesis may assist in the development of new treatments for CCD
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