Abstract

Design, setting, participants & measurements: Three hundred and thirty eight patients were included in the study. They presented to the endoscopy suite at University College Hospital Galway, Ireland (UCHG) with upper gastrointestinal symptoms. The age range is 21-90 years with a median age of 52 years, 62% females, and 24% diabetics. They were divided into 3 groups 18-30 years, 31-60 years, and 61-90 years. The prevalence of H. pylori among the different spectrum of age is calculated using different methods of diagnosing H. pylori. Reliabilities of the diagnostic tests: The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values for (i) Rapid urease test (RUT), (ii) ELISA, (iii) Histology and (iv) Culture. The rapid urease test was found to have a high sensitivity and specificity (89.5% and 96.8%), respectively. Although estimation of serum IgG H. pylori antibody by ELISA is relatively non-invasive procedure, unfortunately, it lacks sufficient sensitivity (63%) to be used as a sole diagnostic test for H. pylori infection. Histology on the other hand is widely available in most hospitals and has a relatively high sensitivity (77.4%) and specificity (75%). Culture of H. pylori was found to be highly specific (100%) and sufficiently sensitive (86.2%). Prevalence of H. pylori infection: The prevalence of H. pylori is assessed in the different age groups. There was a substantial increase in the prevalence of H. pylori infection with increasing age up to the age 61 years. In this study the highest prevalence of infection was found in the age group 31-60 years. The overall prevalence of H. pylori infection in patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms as assessed by histology (73%), culture (53%), serum IgG ELISA (56%), and rapid urease test (65%). Conclusion: The prevalent of Helicobacter pylori infection are worldwide and the infection rate is intimately related to age, ethnicity, and socio-economic factors. The sensitivity and specificity of the different m

How to Cite
MAGBRI, EUSSERA EL-MAGBRI, MARIAM EL-MAGBRI, FIONA STEVENS, Awad. Prevalence of Helicobacter Pylori Infection among the Whole Spectrum of Age and the Performance of the Different Diagnostic Tests. Global Journal of Medical Research, [S.l.], sep. 2016. ISSN 2249-4618. Available at: <https://medicalresearchjournal.org/index.php/GJMR/article/view/1142>. Date accessed: 16 dec. 2019.


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