Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global public health problem with known gender-related disparities. We reviewed the quantitative evidence for gender-related differences in accessing TB services from symptom onset to treatment initiation. Methods: Following a systematic review process, we: searched 12 electronic databases; included quantitative studies assessing gender differences in accessing TB diagnostic and treatment services; abstracted data; and assessed study validity. We defined barriers and delays at the individual and provider/system levels using a conceptual framework of the TB care continuum and examined gender related differences. Results: Among 13,448 articles, 137 were included : many assessed individual-level barriers (52%) and delays (42%), 76% surveyed persons presenting for care with diagnosed or suspected TB, 24% surveyed community members, and two thirds were from African and Asian regions. Many studies reported no gender differences.

How to Cite
YANG, CELINE R. GOUNDER, TOKUNBO AKANDE, JAN-WALTER DE NEVE, KATHERINE N. MCINTIRE, ADITYA CHANDRASEKHAR, ALAN DE LIMA PEREIRA, NAVEEN GUMMADI, SANTANU SAMANTA, AMITA GUPTA, Wei-Teng. Barriers and Delays in Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Treatment Services: Does Gender Matter?. Global Journal of Medical Research, [S.l.], oct. 2021. ISSN 2249-4618. Available at: <https://medicalresearchjournal.org/index.php/GJMR/article/view/2556>. Date accessed: 06 july 2022.

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