The present article aims to investigate if there are differences – and which – between partner selection criteria of females in long term relationships that desire and that do not desire children with their current male partners. According to Evolutionary Psychology, these criteria are directly related to the type of parental investment practiced by the partner. The method consisted of virtual data collection of 288 answers to the research questionnaire aimed at cisgender, heterosexual and nulliparous women currently in a relationship, which evaluated the presence or absence of certain traits in their current male partners. Results showed significative differences between partner selection criteria of females that desired and that did not desire children in 14 male traits and no significative differences in the other 13 male traits presented. Traits containing significative differences were, whereas also culturally valued, mostly indicative of parental investment and genetic quality. On the other hand, traits not containing significative differences were equally indicative of parental investment, genetic quality and cultural value. It was possible to conclude that evolutionarily selected female psychological mechanisms regarding partner selection do currently manifest as fruit of an indissociable junction between culture and nature, what makes them not exclusively instinctive, but rather incorporated to a conscious net of thoughts, functioning according to current cultural context.

How to Cite
VITÓRIA MOREIRA DE MARCHI APOLARO, MAURO LANTZMAN, Ana. The Desire to Remain Childless and its Role in Female Partner Selection Criteria: An Evolutionary Psychology Based Perspective. Global Journal of Medical Research, [S.l.], apr. 2022. ISSN 2249-4618. Available at: <https://medicalresearchjournal.org/index.php/GJMR/article/view/2694>. Date accessed: 06 july 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.34257/GJMRKVOL22IS1PG1.

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