Purpose: The aim of this study was to verify if we had a good management of amblyopia and to study its clinical, therapeutic and prognostic. Methodology: This is a retrospective study made in the service of Ophthalmology at the hospital specialties Rabat between 2000 and 2010, involving 80 patients with functional amblyopia. Results and discussion: The average age of care was 4.68 years, the majority of children had bilateral amblyopia itself 67.5%, 48.8% of average depth. All of strabismus in our series is 91.3% and Strabismus anisometropia was the dominant etiology in our series. In multivariate analysis: only the lateage and depth of amblyopia were the factors affecting the gain line of sight.