• Nejash Abdela, Fayissa Begna Deressa, Endale Teshome, Abdi Hassan

Abstract

Background: Indigestible foreign bodies ingestion predisposed by environmental pollution is becoming a major global problem in ruminants. Even though, the impacts on cattle have gained some attention, shoats are neglected. Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2016 to December 2016 on 200 sheep slaughtered at Jimma municipal abattoir with the objective to determine the prevalence of indigestible foreign body in rumen and reticulum of sheep. The study population was sheep coming for slaughter from different districts of Jimma zone. Slaughtered sheep (study unites) were followed to collect their stomach and foreign body (indigestible materials) were assessed in the rumen and reticulum. Questionnaire was used to collect some hypothetical risk factors and data were recorded during stomach investigation. Logistic regression was used to determine the association of risk factors with occurrence of for foreign body. Results: From total of 200 sheep examined for the presence of indigestible foreign bodies, 22(11%) were found to be positive for indigestible foreign bodies in their rumen and/or reticulum. The types of different indigestible foreign bodies recovered were plastics (6.5%), cloth (2%), wire (1%) and leather (0.5) with plastics being 59.0% of the case. Prevalence of indigestible foreign body in thin, medium and good body conditioned sheep was 35.7%, 11.2 and 3.2%, respectively. Furthermore, the prevalence recorded in sheep > 3 years, 2-3 years and < 2 years was 24.3%, 8.8% and 5.2%, respectively. Age and body condition difference were significantly associated with indigestible foreign bodies ingestion. The prevalence was significantly higher in sheep of age >3 years compared to that of <2 years (OR) = 5.160, (CI: 1.234 - 21.573, P< Conclusion: This study revealed that indigestible foreign body ingestion by sheep in the study area is prevalent which may indicate poor environmental protection and pollution with 0.031), and the prevalence in thin
How to Cite
ABDELA, FAYISSA BEGNA DERESSA, ENDALE TESHOME, ABDI HASSAN, Nejash. Prevalence of Indigestible Foreign Bodies in the Rumen and Reticulum of Sheep Slaughtered at Jimma Municipal Abattoir, Southwestern Ethiopia. Global Journal of Medical Research, [S.l.], may 2017. Available at: <https://medicalresearchjournal.org/index.php/GJMR/article/view/1292>. Date accessed: 24 oct. 2017.