Skin Aging


  • Abdul Kader Mohiuddin


skin care; anti-aging; photoaging; wrinkles; antioxidants; keratinocytes; retinoids


As the most voluminous organ of the body that is exposed to the outer environment the skin suffers from both intrinsic and extrinsic aging factors Skin aging is characterized by features such as wrinkling loss of elasticity laxity and rough-textured appearance This aging process is accompanied with phenotypic changes in cutaneous cells as well as structural and functional changes in extracellular matrix components such as collagens and elastin With intrinsic aging structural changes occur in the skin as a natural consequence of the biological changes over time and produce a certain number of histological physiological and biochemical modifications Intrinsic aging is determined genetically influence of gender and ethnic group variable in function of skin site and also influenced by hormonal changes Visually it is characterized by fine wrinkles By comparison photoaging is the term used to describe the changes occurring in the skin resulting from repetitive exposure to sunlight The histological physiological and biochemical changes in the different layers of the skin are much more drastic From a mechanical point of view human skin appears as a layered composite containing the stiff thin cover layer presented by the stratum corneum below which are the more compliant layers of viable epidermis and dermis and further below the much more compliant adjacent layer of subcutaneous white adipose tissue Upon exposure to a strain such a multi-layer system demonstrates structural instabilities in its stiffer layers which in its simplest form is the wrinkling These instabilities appear hierarchically when the mechanical strain in the skin exceeds some critical values

How to Cite

Abdul Kader Mohiuddin. (2019). Skin Aging . Global Journal of Medical Research, 19(B2), 15–60. Retrieved from

Skin Aging