Aproximaci#xF3;n Diagn#xF3;stica De Las Enfermedades Sist#xE9;micas De Los Pacientes Con Signos Y Lesiones Oculares Atendidos En La Consulta Externa Del Hospital Veterinario De Animales De Compa#xF1;#xED;a De La Universidad De San Carlos De Guatemala
canine, DAMNIT V, differential diagnosis, veterinary ophthalmology
The goal of this article is to show the most frequent types of differential diagnoses of systemic diseases in canines with ocular signs and lesions. For this purpose, a retrospective study was conducted on 510 medical records from patients of the Companion Animal Veterinary Hospital (HVAC) of the University of San Carlos (USAC) of Guatemala, from August to November 2017. The inclusion criteria were: canine species, having a differential diagnosis established list of possible systemic diseases and an eye examination by specialist. Through a descriptive analysis of the data, it was established that, of the 510 canines examined, 212 (42%) presented signs and ocular alterations, of these there were 550 differential diagnosis, which were categorized using the acronym DAMNIT V; from which it was determined that 40% are infectious / inflammatory, neoplasic (19%) followed by metabolic processes (13%), allergic / autoimmune (10%), degenerative (7%), idiopathic (5%), traumatic / toxic 4% and finally vascular (2%).
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