Oral Lesions in Pediatric Patients in North Mexico with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia or Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus as Underlying Disease
oral lesions, underlying disease, Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Oral involvement in the pediatric age does not occur as an isolated event, frequently involves a systemic disease being Leukemias -especially B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B-cell ALL)- and Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) the most relevant. Objective: To find which oral manifestations are observed with greater more frequently in pediatric patients with B-cell ALL or T1DM and to relate these findings with their pathophysiology. Methodology: We formed three study groups, with five patients each: 1) children with T1DM, 2) infants with B-cell ALL, and 3) healthy children. The age range was five to fifteen years. Data were collected from: 1) clinical examination, 2) interrogation of parents or guardians, and 3) review of the clinical record, and 4) Blood count (BC).
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